In English Language, there are three articles “a, an, and the.” Today, our focus will be on the article “the.”
This article is a definite article and is used to express a definite or specific meaning. It can be used with both uncountable and countable nouns.
It is good to note that there are different situations where a noun could have a specific or definite meaning. They are as follows:
- A noun can have a definite meaning if the noun identifies something that has been previously mentioned
Speaker A: Did you see the car I told you about yesterday
Speaker B: Yes, I did. The car was damaged beyond repair.
In the above example, it is assumed that “the car” that is being referred to is something that is known to both the speaker and the hearer in the conversation.
- A noun can also have a definite meaning when it identifies a unique subject.
The moon will not be full tonight
The sun rises in the East.
“Sun” and “moon” in the above examples are unique subjects. It would be wrong to say “a moon” as though there are many moons on planet Earth.